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Autonomous welding process for permanent grounding connections

Discover our welding process

What is the exothermic welding ?

Overview of the exothermic welding process

This autonomous process allows very high quality electrical connections between materials such as copper, copper alloys or steel.

Exothermic welding is particularly used in the realization of buried ground circuits in substations, power plants, for cathodic protection, in railways, for lightning protection, telecoms, etc., as it offers many advantages compared to crimped connections or traditional mechanical bolted connections.

As it is a molecular connection, the welded connection will not be affected by short circuit currents.

The process uses the high temperature generated by the reduction of aluminum into copper oxide. The reaction takes place in a graphite mold, machined to the dimensions of the conductors to be welded. It can typically be used more than fifty times under normal conditions of use. The reaction lasts only a few seconds and requires no external energy, which makes it a very convenient process on site.

The conductors are amalgamated in a completely homogeneous way, this method of welding thus presents exceptional overall properties such as:

  • Unalterability
  • Excellent mechanical strength
  • Without porosity
  • Excellent resistance to oxidation and saline atmosphere

Select your equipment

Discover the required equipment

Equipment required for welding

The implementation of exothermic welding requires at least the following equipment:

As well as individual safety equipment:

MALTEP offers you complete kits or customized kits to make your own. To do so, follow the order of the sub-categories included in the category customized kits below. In case you need specific equipment, go directly to the category of your choice:

Make your own welding

Understanding the welding procedure

Generic welding procedure

The execution of exothermic welding implies, on one hand, the use of personal protective equipement eand, on the other hand, the respect of the operating mode during the implementation.


  • Read and understand the welding instruction sheet provided before welding
  • Avoid direct eye contact with the flash of light from the exothermic reaction
  • Avoid breathing smoke concentrations from the exothermic reaction
  • Avoid contact with hot materials
  • Ensure air circulation to avoid smoke inhalation when working indoors
  • Be aware of nearby personnel and conditions to avoid burns or fires
  • Use only dry sand to control a fire resulting from exothermic welding

The generic procedure for exothermic welding is as follows:

Operating procedures

Each type of welding has its own specificities!

A chaque soudure son mode opératoire

The realization of an exothermic welding is simple if it is carried out according to the respect of the safety instructions and the operating mode.

However, each type of welding has its own specificities depending on the required configuration and the characteristics of the conductor to be welded.

Click on the weld of your choice below, then discover the specificities of the corresponding implementation:

Cable to Cable

Cable to earth rod

Cable to tape conductor

Tape to tape conductor

Tape conductor to earth rod

Cable to steel surface

Check your welding

Make sure of the result of your welding

The characteristics of a high quality welding

A quality weld has the following characteristics:

  • Integrity of the conductors
  • A homogeneous welding body and side material
  • A surplus of material that will depend on the dose of the filler metal

How to recognize a quality weld

A quality exothermic weld conducts more current than the conductors alone, because the weld cross-section is greater than the conductors. However, a failed solder joint can affect the integrity of the grounding circuit. It is therefore necessary to be able to detect a quality welding connection as soon as it is implemented.

Custom-made welds

Manufacturing of specific molds

Mould manufacturing on demand

Despite of a wide range of molds, you can't find the welding you need for your project! Contact us, MALTEP  will make the mold adapted to your requirements.

Don't forget to indicate:

  • Nature of the conductors (shape, composition)
  • The dimensions of the conductors (diameter, section)
  • The welding plane (horizontal, vertical)
  • The number of welds to make
  • Description of the type of connection to be made (cross, parallel, ...)